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dc.contributor.authorKLEIN, Evandro Luiz
dc.contributor.authorLUZARDO, Rene
dc.contributor.authorMOURA, Candido A. V.
dc.contributor.authorARMSTRONG, Richard
dc.identifier.citationKLEIN, Evandro Luiz et al. Geochemistry and zircon geochronology of paleoproterozoic granitoids: further evidence on the magmatic and crustal evolution of the Sao Luis cratonic fragment, Brazil. Precambrian Research, Amsterdam, v. 165, n. 3/4, p. 221-242, Amsterdam.
dc.description.abstractThe Tromaí Intrusive Suite is the predominant exposed unit of the São Luís cratonic fragment in northern Brazil. The suite forms batholiths and stocks of granitoids that were emplaced between 2168±4Ma and 2149±4Ma and intruded a 2240±5Ma old metavolcano-sedimentary sequence. The batholiths are composed of a variety of petrographic types that have been grouped in three sub-units, based on the predominant petrographic type, and named Cavala Tonalite, Bom Jesus Granodiorite, and Areal Granite, from the more primitive to the more evolved phases, in addition to subordinate shallow felsic intrusions. The Tromaí Suite is an expanded magmatic association comprising minor mafic rocks to predominantly intermediate and felsic, low- to high-K, and metaluminous to weakly peraluminous granitoids that follow a Na-enriched calc-alkaline trend. Combined rock association, geochronology, Nd isotopes, and geochemical signature indicate that the Tromaí Suite formed from magmas derived from juvenile protoliths modified by fractional crystallization. The juvenile protoliths included ocean plate, mantle wedge, and minor sediments. The data also indicate an intra-oceanic arc setting that possibly transitioned to a continental margin and that the Tromaí Intrusive Suite records the main accretionary stage of the Rhyacian orogen (ca. 2.24–2.15 Ma) that culminated with a collision stage at about 2.1Ga and gave rise to the present day São Luís cratonic fragment. This time interval is coincident with the main period of crustal growth in the South American Platform and in the Paleoproterozoic terranes of the West African Craton. The beginning of this period is also coincident with the end of a period in which only minor amounts of juvenile crust is found worldwide. The Negra Velha Granite is a distinct unit that forms a fewstocks that intruded the granitoids of the Tromaí Suite between 2076 and 2056Ma ago. Negra Velha is an association of monzogranite and subordinate quartz–monzonite and syenogranite with an alkaline signature that shows high Rb–Sr–Ba enrichments, resembling shoshonitic associations. This granite represents the post-orogenic phase of the Rhyacian orogenesis
dc.titleGeochemistry and zircon geochronology of paleoproterozoic granitoids: further evidence on the magmatic and crustal evolution of the Sao Luis cratonic fragment, Brazil
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